Common Name : Amla
Plant Parts Used : Fruit
Description of Emblica Officinalis :
A medium to large deciduous tree with small leaves, which are closely set in pinnate passion. Leaves simple, a hundred or more on each branchlets in a symmetrically distichous manner, linear oblong or linear elliptic, slightly recurved, entire, obtuse of rounded at base, apex sub-acute or apiculate, glabrous, light green above, paler and at times puberulous beneath. The fruit is nearly spherical or globular, slightly broader than long, and with small, shallow, conical depressions at either end of its longitudinal axis, especially at the place of attachment of the stalk. Its size varies according to the variety. Normally the fruit is 18 to 25 mm wide at the middle and 15 to 20 mm along the longitudinal axis. Fruits depressed - globose, succulent, yellow or pink when ripe, obscurely 6-lobed.
Characteristics and Constituents :
The major constituents is Vitamin C. It content up to 720 mg / 100 g of fresh pulp and 921 mg / 100 cc of pressed juice, has been recorded. The fruit is probable the richest natural source of vitamin C. The other constituents are Enzymes, Sugar, Tannin, Alkaloid, etc.
Actions and Uses :
The fruit is used as a Diuretic, Laxative, Hair dyes, Detergent, Shampo. It is also used as a Cardioprotective, useful in hemorrhage, menprrhagia, leucorrhoea, discharge of blood from uterus. Poultice used to stop bleeding from cuts.The fermented fruit liquor, it is used in jaundice, dyspepsia, cough, indigestion, anemia, heart complaints, promotion of urination. The emblica officinalis juice with Lemon, it is used to arrest acute bacillary dysentery.